Sore throat is a condition that manifests through pain and irritation in the throat, which get worse when swallowing. This kind of infection is common during the colder months, and can be relieved with simple natural remedies.
The main causes of sore throat
Viral infections such as influenza, mononucleosis, mumps or chickenpox are the main causes of throat infections.
Diphteria, streptococcus pyogenes or some STDs can be the cause of the infection.
Besides these infections, the condition can also be caused by allergies, environmental pollution, dry air, spicy food, smoking, chemicals and alcohol.
Here are the main symptoms of sore throat:
- Pain that gets worse when swallowing;
- Dry throat;
- Raucous voice;
- Swollen and inflamed tonsils;
- Difficult swallowing;
- Pain and irritation in the throat;
- Swollen and painful neck glands;
- Throat pus.
Natural remedies against sore throat
The first thing you need to do to stop the pain is to save your voice and get some rest. A sound sleep overnight will save your vocal cords and help you recover faster. Another thing you can do is prepare a natural gargling solution that can eliminate the bacteria in your throat responsible for the condition. Mix either a teaspoon of salt or baking soda in 250 ml. of warm water, then gargle the solution to get some much-needed relief. You can also mix a teaspoon of salt, a tablespoon of lemon juice, honey and apple cider vinegar each in 250 ml. of warm sage tea and gargle the mixture 2-3 times a day.
Inhaling some sage tea steam can also help – boil a handful of sage in a bigger pan of water, then lean over the pan with a towel over your head and inhale the steam for 15 minutes several times a day.
This will relieve the irritation in your throat and reduce the pain. Finally, you should drink more liquids during the day in order to stay hydrated.
When should you visit a doctor?
Although sore throat doesn’t usually require a trip to the doctor, it can become a bigger problem if left untreated. Children should be taken to a doctor if they have a fever over 38.2C, they are vomiting and nauseous and have trouble swallowing or breathing.
For adults, you should consult a doctor if your temperature is higher than 38.3C and you’re experiencing symptoms such as ear and joint pain, difficulty swallowing and breathing or if the condition doesn’t go away in more than a week.
It’s very important to take medications without consulting a doctor first. Sore throat is usually caused by viral infections which can’t be treated with antibiotics, and the appropriate treatment should be prescribed by a professional.